The connective tissue (fascia) of the body is made up of 80% water, 15% GAG and 5% fat of various individual molecules some fascial tissues have very special duties like prestin and others have general duties in the body like collagen. Prestin is only found in the human ear and can affect hearing by as much as 40db. Collagen is found almost anywhere in the body. Fascia is sensitive to mechanical force, neurotransmitters and inflammatory mediators. Such inflammatory mediators can even affect how our immune system works.
The property of fascia for keeping our basic shape is a visco elastic property; which means the tissue is deformed slowly like a thick soup whilst retaining an elastic ‘memory’ of returning back to near an ‘original’ shape. Some strands of fascia return to their ‘original’ shape fast and others slow.
When fascia goes wrong the fluidity of fascia is lost and elasticity is reduced. When this happens the person will recognise stiffness and perhaps experience aches and pains in their body.
Specialised neurons that measure the motion of the fascia include golgi tendon organs (GTO), Paccini corpuscles, ruffini corpuscles and interstitial (free nerve endings). The resulting combined information sent to the brain from fascia is able to change muscle tone and or alter spinal motion.